Cerebral infarction: symptoms and treatment
What is cerebral infarction?
In other words, it is an ischemic stroke that occurs when the blood cannot pass due to thrombosis of the vessels that feed the brain. As a result, its tissues die off, the functions of the human body as a whole are violated. If help is not provided in time, a cerebral infarction can lead to death.
Cerebral infarction: symptoms
- Dizziness, loss of balance, nausea or vomiting.
- Slurred speech, problems with speech or swallowing.
- Blurred or double vision, pain in the eyes.
- Numbness and weakness on one side of the body or face.
- Drowsiness or unconsciousness.
- Sudden eye movements.
- Sudden headache or hearing loss.
When do I need to see a doctor?
Contact your doctor is necessary if:
Blood pressure is above or below your normal range.
Questions have arisen about the state of health or there are doubts.
When should I get help right away?
What increases the risk?
Age over 55 years.
Use of birth control pills or hormone therapy drugs.
High blood pressure, blood vessel disease, or sickle cell anemia that is not treated.
Atrial fibrillation, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease.
Cocaine use, alcohol abuse, head injuries, bleeding disorders.
Cerebral infarction: treatment
Cerebral infarction requires immediate medical attention. Doctors call it "brainstorming" to emphasize that getting emergency treatment can save lives and reduce the risk of disability. Treatment options vary according to the severity and cause of the heart attack. Practically for all cases, hospitalization is required, possibly including intensive therapy and connection of life support systems.
A person should call an ambulance immediately: if he or she starts providing care within 3 hours after a heart attack, then serious consequences can be avoided.
Analgesics (pain relievers) may be needed to control associated symptoms — to relieve a severe headache, antihypertensive drugs — to control high blood pressure.
The goal of long-term treatment is to restore maximum functions and prevent future attacks. Depending on the symptoms, rehabilitation includes speech, labor and physical therapy. Recovery time is different for each person.
Cerebral infarction may recur. Blood clots can come off and block the vessels supplying the lungs or brain. Therefore, it is important to carry out the necessary treatment to prevent recurrent infarction of the brain.