"Cefuroxime": instructions for use for children and adults
With the advent of cold weather, the human body is seriously attacked by various viruses and infectious diseases. And often, unfortunately, no treatment can do without antibiotics. In this article, we will discuss such a medicine as “Cefuroxime”, the instructions for use of which state that it is this remedy that will help to cope with a number of serious diseases.
It should be remembered that this article can not be used as medical recommendations, since all the information provided is for informational purposes only. Exactly the same as self-medication can not be beneficial, but only aggravate the state of health. Therefore, it should be understood that such preparations can be prescribed only by a qualified specialist who is fully capable of assessing the state of health of the patient and possible methods of treatment, including the described preparation.
So, what is the drug "Cefuroxime"? Antibiotic is the most powerful tool in the modern world for a variety of bactericidal and viral diseases. This drug is one of these medicines. This is a second-generation antibiotic, the main component of which is cefuroxime sodium. The drug is a white powder, sometimes with a dirty gray or yellow tint, which is diluted to prepare a solution for intravenous or intramuscular injection. There is also a pill form for oral administration. In the pharmaceutical industry, this drug has its own code: ATS J01D A06, which characterizes it as an antimicrobial agent for systemic use.
When prescribed means "Cefuroxime"
Instructions for use of this drug describes the following conditions in which a doctor can prescribe this medicine:
- Infectious lesions of the respiratory tract of varying severity, including pneumonia and lung abscesses, as well as postoperative complications.
- Infections of soft tissue, such as erysipelas and wound infection.
- Diseases of ENT-organs of bacterial origin: sinusitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and others.
- Various infections of bones, joints and skin.
- Diseases transmitted by sexual contact (when the patient does not tolerate penicillin preparations).
- Gynecological diseases, accompanied by inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs.
- Infections that lead to such serious illnesses as meningitis, pyoderma or furunculosis.
- Preventive measures in the postoperative period (after interventions on the chest, pelvic organs, abdominal cavity, as well as in the surgical treatment of the cardiovascular system and orthopedic ailments to prevent possible complications during the recovery period).
It is worth noting that the treatment will be effective only when, after carrying out appropriate tests, it will be established that the disease is caused by bacteria that are susceptible to the drug.
It is known that all medical drugs not only treat, but also have a negative effect on the body. An exception is not the tool "Cefuroxime", the instructions for use of which also describes a number of side effects.They can manifest themselves in almost any area of the body, ranging from pain at the injection site to an allergic anaphylactic shock. However, among the most often pronounced negative effects, experts note headache, various disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and drowsiness. It is worth noting that all side effects are moderately pronounced and reversible.
Cautions and Contraindications
Despite the fact that this tool copes with a number of diseases, eliminating the cause of their occurrence, the composition of the drug is not for everyone. Therefore, before starting treatment, one should test for tolerability of the drug "Cefuroxime". Reviews of doctors and patients indicate that in most cases hypersensitivity to cephalosporins is not detected, however, if the skin area where the test was carried out has reddened strongly, this can mean only one thing: the product cannot be used. Also contraindications are: diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, accompanied by bleeding, indigestion, enteritis and nonspecific colitis.
The drug "Cefuroxime" is strictly prohibited to appoint women in the first trimester of pregnancy and during the period of breastfeeding.
Is overdose possible?
The issue of overdose is quite acute when the drug "Cefuroxime", the instructions for use of which contain recommendations on dosages, is used without permission, without a prescription from the attending physician. Unreasonably large doses of this medication can lead to over-stimulation of the central nervous system with convulsions inherent in such a state. There is no antidote to this drug, and it is possible to normalize the concentration of the active substance in the blood plasma only by means of hemodialysis. That is why self-medication with this drug is strictly prohibited.
Forms of release
As mentioned above, the medicine "Cefuroxime" has several forms of release: tablets and powders for intravenous or intramuscular administration. And each of them has its own specific name. For example, the tablet form of this drug is the drug Cefuroxime Sandoz. The instructions to it describe the regimen and dosage for oral use only, while the injections are made according to a special schedule.But the name of the drug "Cefuroxime Axetil" says that it is a powder that can be combined with most of the solutions for injection and injected through injections.
Features of taking pills
For ease of use, manufacturers produce the drug in two dosages: 250 mg each and 500 mg of the active substance. Often, treatment is carried out within 7 days. The frequency of administration of tablets with different amounts of the active ingredient is prescribed individually, depending on the age of the patient and the nature of the disease. Manufacturers and developers of the drug "Cefuroxime Sandoz", the instruction to which is attached in each package, recommend the following dosages:
- For diseases of the respiratory tract, upper respiratory tract, pyelonephritis and gynecological infections of moderate severity, an adult patient is recommended to take 250 mg twice a day with strict observance of the 12-hour period between doses.
- For more serious diseases, such as pneumonia, Lyme disease, it is recommended to take tablets with a dosage of 500 mg twice a day.
- There are also such cases when a single dose of this antibiotic can be prescribed in the amount of 1 tablet (500 mg), for example, in case of such a disease as gonorrhea.
Quite often, initially, therapy with injections of the drug "Cefuroxime" is carried out. Tablets, the instructions for which describes the complete scheme of possible treatment, are often part of the subsequent therapy. They are used to fix the result.
Features of injection therapy
The drug "Cefuroxime Ascetic," the instructions for which suggests that it is a powder for preparing a solution for injections into a muscle or vein, has its own special regimen. Treatment is also prescribed taking into account the general condition of the patient and the severity of the disease. However, there are also recommended doses: for adults - 250-500 mg, for children - 125-250 mg twice a day with a strict 12-hour interval. This form of release can be used not only in the form of injections, but also by inhalation. In more rare cases, if required by the patient’s condition, the drug may be administered by other parenteral methods, such as intraosseous, transdermal. With such emergency methods of administering antibiotics, a slightly different calculation system is used, which provides for 0.75-1.5 g of the active substance in one dose for three times a day for an adult patient with an interval of 8 hours. Compliance with this interval is very important when taking the drug "Cefuroxime."Instructions for use for children provides for the calculation of the dosage, which is given taking into account the norm - 10-50 mg per 1 kg of body weight per day for babies up to three months (the dose is divided into three doses). For older children, 15-80 mg per 1 kg of body weight per day (2-3 doses). Another regimen can be prescribed only by a specialist, adjusting the amount of the drug, taking into account the severity of the disease and the general condition of the patient.
How to dilute the drug "Cefuroxime 500"
The instruction to this antibiotic states that it can be diluted with most of the solutions used for injections. After preparation, the drug retains its properties for a day at room temperature. But for the sake of your own safety, before preparing the drug at home, you should check with your doctor what solution the Cefuroxime Axetil powder should be diluted with. Instructions for use of this drug also contains a complete list of possible combinations, it contains such means as glucose solutions of different percentages, sodium chloride and solutions containing up to 1% lidocaine.
Cephalosporin antibiotics, which include the drug "Cefuroxime", like many complex compounds, can not be combined with a number of chemical compounds. For this medication, these are aminoglycoside antibiotics, which are strictly prohibited to be mixed in the same syringe with the drug "Cefuroxime". Instructions for use, injections or pills, must be studied by the patient, so that you can evaluate the entire risk of possible self-treatment and prevent undesirable effects of large doses of the active ingredient on the body.
How to store the drug
The developers of this drug gave clear rules regarding the storage of the drug. So, in order to preserve all the medicinal qualities, the medicine should be saved in a place where it will be protected from the direct rays of the sun and will not be exposed to temperatures above 25 ° C.
As mentioned above, the diluted powder can retain its properties for a day at room temperature. However, if the solution is placed in a refrigerator with a temperature of 4 ° C, this time is doubled.It is also worth noting that in hot weather the shelf life of the prepared solution can be reduced to 5 hours.
In order to protect the patient from the negative effects of the spoiled drug, one should strictly follow the rules of antibiotic dilution and storage. Otherwise, the drug may not only be useless, but also harm the already weakened body.
Another important point is that if the doctor prescribed treatment by injecting the drug, then you should not replace the injections with the tablets yourself. It should always be remembered that disregard of the recommendations of a specialist can adversely affect the patient's condition. Therefore, regardless of your own fears and preferences, for a speedy recovery, you should strictly follow all doctor's appointments and follow the time of receiving the next dose of antibiotic to maintain the desired concentration of the drug in the blood until full recovery.