Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: reviews, breed description, character, standards
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an English breed of dog that is very popular among all segments of the population. This little dog with pronounced hunting instincts perfectly adapts to urban conditions and is ideally suited for the role of a companion. In today's article you will find a detailed description of the Cavalier-King-Charles-Spaniel and recommendations for caring for him.
The origin of this breed is shrouded in mystery. It is for certain known that the first mentions of similar animals are dated IX century. They were brought to Britain by Celtic travelers. A few centuries later, breeders managed to get a breed of miniature dogs, differing in excellent hunting qualities. Despite the fact that their main purpose was to catch pheasants, ducks, rabbits and other small game, they quickly won the love of the court nobility and became an ornament to luxurious interiors.
The greatest flourishing of the breed fell on the reign of Charles II. In the palace of this king lived several such dogs, considered to be full members of the family. Later, Charles II even issued a decree allowing cavalier king charles spaniels, reviews of which are heard only in a positive way, to appear freely in any places, including the English Parliament. As a result, by the middle of the XIIX century, representatives of this breed finally settled on soft sofas and practically ceased to be used as hunters. All this led to exterior changes. The dogs not only decreased in size, but also acquired a more rounded skull with a slightly flattened face. They received official recognition only at the beginning of the 20th century.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel - a dog that has a memorable exterior. She immediately attracts attention for its harmony and miniature. On a beautiful rounded head with a smoothed occipital protuberance and a wide flat forehead, there are large expressive eyes with close fitting eyelids and a black edging and long drooping ears covered with rich adorning hair.
Under the square body with strong bones and developed, but not visualized muscles, there are two pairs of strong straight limbs with small, well-pigmented pads and curled dark claws. On dense brushes with the fingers collected in a lump there is an adorning hair, forming necks.
A harmonious, moderately long and slightly sloping neck smoothly passes into well-developed shoulders, protruding withers, a wide strong back and a slightly convex strong loin, ending with the base of a gradually narrowing, well-pubescent tail.
Representatives of this breed have a pronounced sexual dimorphism. A cavalier king charles spaniel girl is much smaller than a boy. They are much sleeker and more refined. Despite this, the dimensions of the animals are not divided by gender. The most important role in the process of the exhibition expertise is not the size, but the harmony of a particular dog. Nevertheless, the standard establishes the framework within which representatives of this breed should fit. Thus, the average weight of the Cavalier-King-Charles-Spaniel is from 6 to 8.2 kg with growth varying between 30.5-33 cm.
Wool and color
The compact body of representatives of this breed is covered with soft silky fur, giving them a special charm. Straight or slightly wavy guard hair should be dense, but at the same time quite light and elastic. In dogs that have reached puberty, there is an adorning coat that forms feathering on the legs, tail, ears, and lower body.
Regarding color, the standard Chevalier-King-Charles-Spaniel allows four possible options, including:
- White chestnut.This is the most common color. On the main pink and white background there are red-brown markings. Spots can be localized to the ears, cheeks and body.
- Black and red tintlocated in the groin, on the paws, ears, chest and eye sockets. In this on the body of her animal should be white spots.
- Tricolor.On the main pearl background there are black and red markings. On the head of a dog of this color there must be a white groove, descending on the face and lips.
- Red (ruby).This color suggests the presence of a uniform saturated color without black or white hair.
Dogs with a violation of the location of the scorch does not meet the standard and are excluded from breeding.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, whose photo can be seen in today's publication, has not only a pretty appearance, but also an excellent disposition. Due to the natural nobility, he can become not only a source of pride of his owner, but also a devoted friend. This peace-loving and calm dog is almost never sullen or aggressive. She gets along well with children and sincerely binds to all members of the host family. This miniature dog needs constant contact with the person, and a long stay in solitude introduces him to depression. A yearned animal can whine, bark, and even damage property. Therefore, it is not recommended to start those who do not have enough free time.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, reviews of which are mostly enthusiastic, can not stand the hustle and bustle. Therefore, it almost never causes inconvenience. He is not pugnacious and easily finds a common language with other pets.Despite his calm and docile disposition, he is very playful and active. This little dog loves long walks. He with visible pleasure will run after any moving objects, be it a stick thrown by the owner or a neighbor's cat. Representatives of this breed behave very intelligently on a walk and never become the initiators of fights. It willingly follows the owner and shows friendliness towards outsiders.
Upbringing and training
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed is characterized by natural acumen. These cute little animals have an excellent memory and are easy to train. They instantly understand what is required of them, and quickly learn new teams. Since these dogs can not tolerate rough handling and strict intonation, in the process of their education you need to act as patiently and gently as possible. In response to the love and affection shown, the dog will gladly execute any of your commands.
The education of the puppy of the cavalier-king-charles-spaniel is based on the same principles as the training of any other breed. It should start from the first days of its appearance in your home.After the puppy adapts a little to the new place, he can be accustomed to a nickname. After he starts to happily run to the call, you can gradually complicate the task by introducing new commands. So that in the future the dog would not cause inconvenience to you or others, it must necessarily go through a basic course of obedience. It is important not to allow the baby something that will be forbidden to an adult animal. If you do not want the dog to lie on your sofas in the future, then never allow him to climb there.
Maintenance and care
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel perfectly adapts to living in urban apartments. He is quite unpretentious to the conditions of detention. But there are several important nuances that any caring owner should pay attention to.
To preserve the natural shine and silkiness of its wool, it is recommended to periodically comb it out using a special brush. This simple procedure not only helps to eliminate dirt, dust and dead hair, but also improves blood circulation. To enhance the effect, you can use special sprays sold in every modern pet store.
The long hanging ears of an animal require no less attention. Due to tight fit to the head, they are poorly ventilated. In addition, they accumulate a large amount of sulfur and dust. Therefore, they need to be systematically wiped with cotton pads. To this procedure did not cause discontent of the dog, it must be taught from a puppy.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel needs regular teeth cleaning. It is advisable to do this no more than twice a week with a soft brush and special paste. During the procedure, you need to act as carefully as possible so as not to injure the pet's gums.
Representatives of this breed are distinguished by high activity. To have the opportunity to throw out the accumulated energy, they need to walk. It is desirable to take the animal outside at least twice a day. During his stay in the fresh air, the dog will gladly run after the ball and participate in other outdoor games. Such activity will positively affect the well-being and mood of the animal.
Since the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, the photo of which is presented in this publication, does not tolerate cold, it is advisable to wear it in winter overalls in frosty weather.In the fall, experts recommend purchasing a waterproof suit for your pet. The use of clothing will protect the little dog from many health problems, including colds and skin diseases. Therefore, the purchase of dog clothes can be called not the whims of the owner, but an important necessity.
Features of the diet
Years of experience of professional breeders who own kennels of the cavalier-king-charles spaniels, shows that making the menu for these dogs requires certain knowledge. The fact is that many representatives of this breed have a very sensitive gastrointestinal tract and a tendency to allergic reactions. Therefore, it is desirable to feed them with industrial food of a superpremium or holistic class.
Those who still decided to give their pet natural products, you should remember that the basis of the dog's diet should be fresh raw meat. It can be beef, lamb or poultry. Several times a week in the menu of the animal should appear offal, like the heart, liver or kidneys. In addition, you need to make sure that the Cavalier-King-Charles-Spaniel, which reviews are very positive, regularly received eggs, vegetables, cottage cheese, kefir, sour milk and cereals.Owners who are feeding their dogs with natural food should not neglect the use of special vitamin and mineral supplements.
Since representatives of this breed are prone to gluttony and a quick set of extra kilograms, they must be limited in food. In order to avoid obesity, the dog should receive a strictly adjusted daily rate of food, calculated taking into account its age, weight and level of physical activity.
Health and life expectancy
Representatives of this breed are prone to a variety of diseases that are hereditary or acquired. One of the most common problems is mitral stenosis. The occurrence of this disease may be due to genetic predisposition or the result of poor care. The disease is peculiar to both young and old animals. It adversely affects blood circulation. The first sign of the development of stenosis are noises in the heart. A sick dog requires an individually tailored treatment and can live a full, but relatively short life.
No less common disease affecting the livestock of the gentleman King Charles Spaniels, is heart disease. It can be either congenital or acquired.The disease is manifested in the wrong structure, deformation of the walls or valves of the heart muscle. The complex of therapeutic measures is selected individually, taking into account the general state of the dog.
In addition, gentlemen have a predisposition to arthritis. It is an inflammation of the joints, triggered by pathogens or an immune response. The illness is accompanied by strong painful sensations and is subject to full or partial healing.
The next common disease is osteoarthritis. This pathology leads to degenerative changes in the cartilage tissues of the joints. It develops in a latent form and manifests itself in the acute stage, accompanied by severe pain.
Some puppies of this breed are born with a congenital anomaly called the soft palate. This ailment gives the animal a lot of suffering. It is expressed in the wrong structure of the upper sky, provoking spasms. A sick dog often coughs, sneezes and cannot eat normally. This problem cannot be completely healed. But modern veterinarians have developed a whole range of measures aimed at stopping the acute condition.
In recent years, among the livestock cavalier-king-charles spaniels, cases of allergic reactions have become frequent. The cause of this disease can be dust, food, cloth, alloys, or an insect bite. This pathology is accompanied by a decrease in appetite, loss of hair, hyperactivity of the mucous membranes or pruritus.
With regard to life expectancy, with proper care, it can reach fifteen years.
Choosing a puppy
To buy a dog, it is advisable to contact a professional breeder who owns a kennel of cavalier-king-charles spaniels. Only in this case you will be completely sure that you are acquiring a purebred animal that meets breed standards and has a complete set of documents. It is important to understand that a real breeder will never sell a puppy that has not attained three months of age and has not been vaccinated.
When choosing a dog should pay attention to its behavior. A puppy should not be cowardly or aggressive. It is important that he show curiosity and friendliness. He must have clean eyes, ears and belly. Exaggerated tum often signals the neglect of antiparasitic treatments.And watery eyes or dirty ears can be a sign of an allegri or other more serious health problems.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: owners reviews
Most of the people in whose homes live representatives of this breed, claims that they are very loyal and affectionate animals. They are distinguished by high intelligence and good learning. Despite their miniature size, such dogs are endowed with perfectly pronounced hunting instincts and require long daily walks. During your stay on the street you need to carefully monitor your pet, because he can get carried away sniffing out any smell and get lost.
The only thing that deters many potential owners who are interested in how much a cavalier king charles spaniel costs is a rather high price. For a purebred puppy of this breed will have to pay from 600 to 1800 dollars.