Carrot. Varieties for food, storage and processing
Carrots are a tasty and rich in vitamin A and calcium products. There are a great variety of varieties, differing in maturity, taste, storage conditions, cultivation, resistance to parasites, low temperature and other adverse factors.
The nature of the use of the root is one of the main differences of different varieties, which is why the choice of varieties is approached with the utmost seriousness. For example, to get vitamins as early as possible, you need to choose early carrots, varieties of which are called "Amsterdam", "Parisian carrot", "Finhor", "Dragon", "Geranda". "Amsterdam carrots" is suitable for cultivation in greenhouses. It differs from others in its cylindrical root crop (length reaches 10-12 cm) and resistance to cracking. The core of this fruit is small and juicy, orange color, very rich taste. Carrot varieties "Paris carrot" is, perhaps,the oldest and most common, as well as the most precocious among the rest. Its fresh fruit is very short and more like an egg. Children love this small and sweet carrot, it is also sometimes used to make desserts because of its sweet taste.
Mid-season carrot varieties
Such root vegetables became more popular in the private sector, as they are used by people most often for their own needs. Mid-season carrots are not capricious and do not require careful maintenance and compliance with strict storage standards. Vitamin-6 carrots are one of the most common, because they have high yields and are resistant to diseases, contain a large amount of carotene. To distinguish it from other varieties can be the color of the root, which is close in tone to red. The root crop of this species, 15 cm long, no more, has a blunt end. Carrots ripen in 120 days after germination, and since the variety is resistant to cold, it is suitable for under-winter sowing. Another mid-season variety is “Losinoostrovskaya-13”, which comfortably feels on dried peatlands. Fetus length - 18 cm.Root crops are also rich in carotene (100 g of carrots = 18.5 mg of carotene), red-orange in color, relatively large and sweet inside. Grade carrots "incomparable" has a rounded tip and a truncated shape. Root crop has a delicate flavor and ability for long-term storage. Like many crops of mid-season varieties, she is not afraid of cold weather.
Carrot varieties for storage
Plants that give a harvest later than 130 days - late-ripening. These include, for example, “Vita Longa”, large root vegetables that can survive until winter without cracking. They are used most often to get juice, because, like other sweet carrot varieties, "Vita Longa" contains a lot of sugar and, of course, carotene. Grade "NIIOH-336" is very good in terms of storage, because it can withstand almost any temperature and has a high yield. The length of 18 cm, rounded tip and cylindrical shape - these are the hallmarks of this type. Carrots of the “perfection” variety are suitable for winter consumption, the longest root crop is 20 cm. As a rule, it is firm and stored until the end of winter.