Calcium gluconate (injections) - features of application
"Calcium gluconate" (injections) - medicinala drug that is used for intramuscular and intravenous administration. The use of this agent allows replenishing the Ca2 + deficiency in the body, which is necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses, as well as for the reduction of smooth and skeletal muscles, and takes part in the work of the myocardium, the formation of bone tissue and in the process of blood coagulation.
"Calcium gluconate" - composition and form of release
In one ampule of this remedy contains 10 milliliters of solution, in which 1 g of calcium gluconate. Ampoules are packed in cardboard packs of 10 pieces each.
Indications for use:
The drug is used in the presence of suchdiseases that are accompanied by hypocalcemia, increased permeability of cell and vessel membranes, as well as disruption of nerve impulses in muscles. It is applied "Calcium gluconate" (injections) for hypoparathyroidism, rickets, hyperphosphataemia in patients with chronic renal failure.
A lot of calcium is needed for pregnant womenwomen and during the growth of the body, as well as in the postmenopausal period. Strongly derived this element with prolonged bed rest, chronic diarrhea, secondary hypocalcemia, therefore, in these cases, it is also necessary to replenish its stores in the body. Indications for the use of this drug are bronchial asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis, eclampsia, lead colic. Appointed "Calcium gluconate" (injections) in the presence of poisoning with salts of Mg2 +, as well as fluoride and oxalic acids, with toxic lesions of the liver, nephritis, parenchymal hepatitis.
The specified drug is not assignedwith pronounced hypercalciuria, nephrourolythiasis, sarcoidosis. Intramuscularly the drug is not administered to children, nor is it used in the presence of dehydration, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, calcium nephrourolythiasis, widespread atherosclerosis, hypercoagulation.
Possible side effects:
If the ingestion of the preparation Gluconatecalcium "(injections), then there may be irritation of the gastrointestinal mucosa and constipation. If the drug is administered intramuscularly and intravenously, nausea, bradycardia and diarrhea may appear. If rapid intravenous administration of this drug is allowed, the pressure may decrease, arrhythmia, fainting and even cardiac arrest may begin. Intramuscular administration may cause the onset of necrosis.
In case of drug overdose, calcitonin is introduced for 5 hours 5-10 IU / kg / day, which is previously diluted in a half liter of 0.9% NaCl solution.
Mode of application:
In / m and / in this drug is introduced slowly for 2-3 minutes or drip. Adults are recommended to administer 10 ml of the drug either daily, or after one or two days.
For children, the dose is from 1 to 5 ml of the drug and it is injected every 2-3 days.
If a person has an insignificanthypercalciuria, nefrourolitiaz in the anamnesis or reduced glomerular filtration, then the "Calcium gluconate" should be taken, constantly monitoring the amount of Ca2 + in the urine. In order to reduce the risk of developing nephrourolythiasis, one must drink a lot of fluids.
Interaction of the drug:
The drug is incompatible with sulfates, salicylates and carbonates. It is also not prescribed together with tetracycline antibiotics.
If simultaneous application is allowed"Calcium gluconate" and quinidine, then the toxicity of the latter increases and intraventricular conduction is slowed down. It is not recommended to use it in the treatment of cardiac glycosides.
"Calcium Gluconate" (injections) - reviews
Since this drug has almost noside effects, many women indicate that after 30 years they take it regularly. And it is useful not only for women, but for men, as it strengthens bones, nerves and heart. But with excessive use of this remedy, people indicate that some people have problems with the kidneys. It is best, of course, to supplement the lack of calcium with natural products, and to take medication only in extreme cases.