"By the right of memory": a brief content and analysis
The famous poem by Alexander Tvardovsky “By the Right of Memory”, a brief content of which can be found in this article, is the last and final work of the poet. It is known that the work on this poem lasted for a long time, but he had been carrying out his plan in himself for the rest of his life, having passed through those tests that formed the basis of the plot.
History of creation
For the first time, the poem “By the Right of Memory”, a summary of which is in this article, was published in the second issue of the well-known journal Znamya. In the same 1987, it was published in the third issue of the New World magazine. It is known that the poet began her work on the work in 1963, and it lasted for six years. Then in 1969 several fragments from the text were printed.
In the poem there is a small preface, which is written by Maria Tvardovskaya. It explained that this period of writing the work is connected with the death of the poet’s mother.
Poem Tvardovskogo written in the form of confession.The narrative is lyrical, and everything the author writes about concerns the fate of the poet himself. In the work “By the Right of Memory”, a brief content of which is in this article, there are no chapters that would have narrative stories. This is primarily a confessional work, and it is a kind of monologue of the author. The poet talks about what they experienced during the years of collectivization. Everything told by Tvardovsky was forgotten for many years, since it was impossible to speak on such topics.
The poem sounds monologue, filled with bitterness and grief. The author writes about the fate of his father. He tells how the youth of the poet himself, who himself was constantly subject to persecution, passed. The reader feels well the civil position of the author. The name of the work is not accidental. The right of memory is the personal pain of the poet Tvardovsky.
The life of the poet Tvardovsky is associated with the terrible and tragic years that the Russian people experienced. He decided in the poem “By the Right of Memory”, a brief summary of which is in the article, to show the terrible Stalinist repressions and the Khrushchev thaw.
The main theme of the poem is repentance.The author says that the problem of memory gradually grows into the problem of the responsibility of the future generation. Master says: young people do not want to understand what was in the past. The author believes that a person does not have the right to forget the terrible past of his country and his people. After all, if you forget everything, the tragic and terrible consequences are inevitable. The bond of generations finds a strong sound in the work of Alexander Tvardovsky.
Having survived the arrest of his father, the author shows how difficult it is to survive in society if the child has already been labeled the "son of an enemy of the people." And so that life proceeded differently, it was necessary to abandon the father, that is, to betray the closest and dearest person. And therein lies the tragedy of the individual citizen and the whole generation. Hence the ambivalence towards Stalin: as a strong personality and a tyrant. The poet believes that the younger generation should know the harsh truth about the terrible time of the leadership of the leader. It is not surprising that the topic of repentance turns out to be central to the poem.
Tvardovsky, "By the Right of Memory": a summary of the chapters
In the first part of the poem A. T.Tvardovsky ("Before departure") shows the village guys who are young, full of energy and make plans for the future. They want to serve the good of their homeland. But already in the second part (“The Son is not responsible for the father”), the family is shown, which is exiled to Siberia. Something to change for the better in their lives is no longer possible. A young country boy who believed in this country was hit in the back. And his cry - his cry of the soul - shows and describes Tvardovsky. "By right of memory", a brief content of which is set out in this article, shows very important things. The reader sees how the lyrical hero wants to understand, understand and comprehend everything that happened to him and his family.
The third part of the poem is called "On Memory." In it, the author refers to his reader and asks you never to forget the scary pages of our history.
Analysis of the poem
The autobiographical poem “By the Right of Memory”, a brief summary of which we are considering, is divided into three parts. The first is the bright and beautiful impressions of youth, when hopes are still being built. But the mood of the second part of the poem changes dramatically. Through the whole chapter passes the pain of the author himself, who became the "enemy of the people."To get personal freedom, you need to give up relatives. But the hero of the work does not want to do this. He wants to intercede on his father. Creates his image. Description of the worker, a peasant with big hands, becomes the key. The poet does not try to justify himself. He simply does not consider himself guilty for the fact that, not even participating in the atrocities of that time, he, like many others, remained silently aside. And the price for such behavior is enormous moral torment, which lasts for decades.
The third chapter is the result of the author's thoughts about his life, which he lived. Tvardovsky reflects on what he managed to do and how he survived all the difficulties that fell to his lot. The main idea of this part is historical memory, which must always live. This will be the atonement of guilt and some repentance.