Bradycardia: Symptoms and Treatment
Bradycardia, the symptoms of which may be a feature of this particular organism or a sign of heart disease, is a decrease in the frequency of contractions of the heart muscle. Usually up to forty beats per minute (normally - sixty-five). At the same time there are pauses with a duration of more than two and a half seconds in the work of the heart - this is what bradycardia is dangerous for. Symptoms of the disease can talk about much more serious lesions of the heart muscle. They can lead to the development of heart failure.
Bradycardia: symptoms, causes and treatment
Slowing of the heart rhythm entails constant weakness, increased fatigue, decreased performance. Sometimes this is accompanied by frequent fainting. According to statistics, every tenth syncope in people over fifty is associated with interruptions in heart rhythm. And most often it is with manifestations of bradycardia. Therefore, if there is a loss of consciousness, it is highly desirable to be examined by a cardiologist. How to treat bradycardia? It depends on the factors that provoked the onset of the disease.Bradycardia, the causes of which are associated with failures in the nervous system, may be due to neurocirculatory dystonia. This is a relatively safe option that does not require emergency measures. It is quite another thing if the history of ischemic heart disease, trauma or cardiomyopathy, against which bradycardia occurs. Symptoms of this form of the disease require urgent intervention and correction of the patient's condition by high-tech methods. For example, by using a pacemaker implant. These devices effectively correct the heart rate and improve the blood supply to the body. This reduces the risk of mortality in middle and old patients.
Bradycardia and sports
As you know, systematic exercise affects the reduction of heart rate. That is, in athletes, especially professional ones, the indicator of the pulse rate is permanently lower. Therefore, after the completion of systematic workouts or with a decrease in their intensity, you can skip the moment when the feature goes into pathology. Often, former athletes have heart problems.Therefore, after the completion of professional activities, most of them should be supervised by cardiologists. However, it is not necessary to interpret this as the reason for which you need to abandon the activity and sports activities in old age. Systematic workouts with small loads improve the work of the body as a whole. Just before you choose for yourself the level of intensity of training, you need to consult with your cardiologist, as well as with the therapist. Modern medicine has the power to prevent many undesirable changes in the heart muscle. To do this, it is enough to detect bradycardia in time and take it under control. This will postpone the risk of a stroke or heart attack by several decades.