Bazarov's attitude to nature. "Fathers and children": a characteristic of Bazarov
Turgenev, being himself of noble origin,conceived to depict his character unattractive, to focus readers' attention on the soullessness of the nihilists. And Bazarov's attitude to nature is the brightest marker of the author's idea.
History of creation
Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev is a writer whose contribution to the development of Russian literature of the 19th century is almost invaluable. And not for nothing that the novel "Fathers and Sons" is a program work of the writer.
In the summer of 1860, the novel was conceived. Turgenev first mentions it in a letter to EE Lambert and talks about his idea as a "great story". The writer plans to finish the work quickly, but he manages to do it six months later. As a result, the novel was completed in July-August 1861.
But the final preparation for publication is completed only in 1862. More Turgenev novel did not rule, only eliminated typos.
Turgenev's opinion about his novel
One of the editions of "Fathers and Children" was written by the authorspecially to VG Belinsky. This Turgenev declared loyalty to ideas associated with the name of the great Russian critic, and about the baselessness of the accusations that came to him from the Russian revolutionary democrats who believed that in the image of Bazarov Turgenev wanted to portray them precisely. In addition to dedication, Turgenev wanted to put the preface to the novel, but his friends dissuaded him.
Discussion of the novel
The novel had a big resonance in society. Almost all the newspapers responded to the publication of the article with articles and essays.
"Fathers and children" caused a lot of disagreementamong like-minded Turgenev, and political opponents. Selecting heroes of a materialistic democrat, rejecting noble traditions and proclaiming new principles of relations between people, the writer managed to show the universal value of these new ideals, which are only just beginning to emerge. Bazarov - a hero of a new generation, he aroused interest and caused controversy.
Thus, Turgenev reflected in his novel the conflict of his era, posing a number of problems, primarily about the role and character of the "new man", the man-figure.
The system of images of the novel
The protagonist of "Fathers and Children" became a voice forideas of revolutionary democracy, as Turgenev conceived. Bazarov is opposed to liberals from the nobility. His image is the key in the composition of the novel, all events, one way or another, are related to it.
All characters of the work are revealedonly through interaction with Bazarov, and at the same time will always emphasize or emphasize the personality of the protagonist. To reveal their image is necessary to emphasize Bazarov's mind, his superiority, strength of soul, loneliness, from which he suffers in the environment of the aristocracy.
The image of Bazarov
The plot is based on the collision of Bazarov witharistocratic world. The world of the novel "Fathers and Sons" is relevant for contemporaries. Bazarov, whose characteristic speaks of him as a hero of his time, is a raznochinets, a democrat, a working man. He is far from aristocratic conventions and etiquette.
In a collision with other characters appearthe best qualities of Bazarov. Disputes with Pavel Petrovich reveal the depth of judgments, the maturity of the mind, hatred of slavery and gentility. Friendship with Arkady is the ability to convince others of their righteousness, to be a mentor.
Evgeny Bazarov is an independent, proud nature,which does not bow before the authorities. The main thing for him is to comprehend. When Bazarov speaks about nature, it immediately shows the nature of the scientist, which was typical of the sixties. He must be explored, understood and applied, and not thoughtlessly contemplated.
Turgenev holds his hero through trials: first by love, then by death. Falling in love with Odintsov, a woman proud and brave, Bazarov forgets about nihilism, he gives himself completely to the feeling. But on the verge of death, he is again true to himself and fearlessly ready to accept death. It is in this scene, the last scene for Bazarov, that the whole strength of his soul manifests itself, the steadfastness of his convictions and aspirations.
Bazarov's attitude to nature
"Nature is not a temple, but a workshop, and the person in it -worker "- this phrase embodies the whole essence of the relationship of the protagonist to the world. He does not see beauty in nature, and does not see it anywhere, because the main thing is the good and the business.
The ratio of Bazarov to nature is unique - forshe is a workshop. Nature was created not for empty admiration, but for studying, transforming, changing as needed. The only thing that can shake this confidence is love. A nihilist can not love, because he denies the very feeling. But with the advent of Odintsovo, the world is changing, it is no longer just a workshop.
Bazarov and Odintsov
The love line is of great importance for the novel"Fathers and Sons". Bazarov, whose description before the meeting with Anna Odintsova was unambiguously nihilistic, changes to the very opposite. His ideals are crumbling, ideas about the world are being transformed, he begins to doubt himself and his convictions.
Anna, an intelligent and beautiful woman, immediatelyattracts Bazarov's attention, he feels a kindred spirit in her. After a conversation with her, the hero realizes that he fell in love. Odintsova reveals herself as a person with her own convictions and views, she can talk on equal terms and not give in to Eugene in anything.
Recognition of Bazarov in love is depicted by Turgenevvery dramatic. Odintsova first invites Eugene to the conversation heart to heart, it gradually becomes clear that she is in love with him. But Anna achieves that he made recognition first.
At this point Bazarov is torn by contradictions: he loves and gets angry at the same time. As a nihilist he can not accept love, it will make him insignificant and pitiful. For him, a strong personality, love means to succumb to weakness, to become weak-willed. But gradually understanding comes to him that he can no longer resist this "illness".
Love throws in the collapse of Bazarov's theory and leads to disappointment in himself. However, at this moment he is most worried by the fact that Odintsova will not decide on mutual feelings.
Eugene's fears were justified, they were only friends.
An image of nature for the creativity of Turgenevhas always been meaningful. Recall at least the "Notes of the Hunter," where many paragraphs are devoted to its descriptions. Therefore, Bazarov's attitude toward nature speaks volumes. The author focuses on the insensitivity of the hero, and then brings him to love, and then it becomes clear that all this is fake. Negation of beauty is for Eugene self-deception.