Antitussives and their classification
Cough is a fairly common symptom of infectious diseases of the respiratory tract. The cause of its occurrence is often the infectious-inflammatory process of the upper respiratory tract. The symptom may not disturb the person and make itself felt at some intervals. He can also have an agonizingly strong character, which is accompanied by sleep disturbance, pain, and vomiting. In the pharmacy, you can buy antitussive drugs that are designed to eliminate the symptom. A large variety of them will allow you to choose the most suitable drug for each case.
It is necessary to begin treatment of cough first of all with elimination of the reason Obsessive dry non-productive cough requires the use of antitussive therapy. This type of cough slows down the evacuation of secretions that accumulate in the patient's airways. An unproductive cough is a sign of impaired gliding along the bronchial tree of sputum and viscosity of the bronchial secretion.In this case, antitussive therapy should be aimed at thinning the sputum, which will enhance the effectiveness of cough. Restoration of the airway is only possible by transferring it from dry to wet.
With an abundant moist productive cough, sputum dilution preparations are not required. Antitussives in this case should be directed directly to the elimination of the symptom. Before you begin to take any measures, it is recommended to be examined by a doctor who, after diagnosing and establishing the cause, nature and characteristics of the cough, will prescribe the most effective medicine.
Centrally acting drugs
An antitussive remedy of central action is aimed at suppressing the functions of the cough center in the medulla oblongata. This group includes narcotic drugs (“Codeine”) and non-narcotic drugs, in which the action aimed at suppressing cough is combined with a sedative and anesthetic effect (“Butamirate”, “Prenoxdiazine”, “Glaucine hydrochloride”). Non-narcotic drugs include the combined agent Bronholitin, which consists of glaucine hydrochloride, citric acid, sage essential oil, ephedrine.Medicines in this group are often used unreasonably and incorrectly. They are appointed to suppress cough, which is required very rarely (for whooping cough in children).
According to special indications in the conditions of a hospital (and that is extremely rare) narcotic antitussives are used.
Peripheral preparations contribute to the reduction of the reflex stimulation of the cough reflex, acting on the mucosa of the respiratory tract as anesthetics or mild analgesics.
You can achieve a positive effect by moistening mucous membranes with steam inhalations and aerosols. With the addition of medications (plant extracts, baking soda and salt) or by themselves inhalation of water vapor are the most common, affordable and simple method of hydration. For small children, baths aimed at moistening the respiratory tract will replace any antitussive drugs. The classification of drugs allows to isolate enveloping, expectorant, mucolytic drugs. Preparations of the first group on the nasopharyngeal mucosa create a protective layer. In most cases, it is syrups, tablets, teas with herbal extracts.Expectorants help to remove bronchial secretions from the respiratory tract, and mucolytics are used to neutralize cough in pneumonia, bronchitis, laryngotracheitis, and tracheitis.
Special care should be taken with narcotic drugs. In pharmacies, they are available on prescription. You should not take them to the patient without first consulting with a doctor and prescribing drugs with a narcotic effect. They are shown in extreme cases when other drugs are powerless.
The action of drugs in this group is aimed at suppressing the functions of the cough center in the medulla. These are morphine-like compounds, such as "Dextromethorphan", "Ethylmorphine", "Codeine". The last drug is the most famous. This natural narcotic analgesic belongs to opiate receptor agonists. Antitussive drugs with narcotic effect inhibit the respiratory center.
This group of drugs does not cause side effects, compared with the previous one. Non-narcotic antitussive drugs, the classification of which consists of drugs with a central and peripheral effect, are indicated for acute cough of various origins.They are prescribed for whooping cough in the preoperative or postoperative periods. Non-narcotic drugs are effective for bronchiectasis, bronchitis, bronchial asthma.
The drugs with central action include "Folkodin", "Glaucin", "Ledin", "Butamirat", "Pentoxiverin", "Oxaladine". Without inhibiting the respiratory center, they suppress the cough, without affecting the intestinal motility. Non-narcotic antitussive agents of peripheral action have a relaxing, anti-inflammatory, anesthetic effect. These include drugs such as "Benpropirin", "Bithiodine", "Levodropropizin."
The brightest and most common drug in this group is a drug called "Prenoxdiazine." Its action is aimed at reducing the duration and frequency of attacks of unproductive cough, reducing the intensity and sensitivity of the cough receptors. The drug does not affect the activity of the respiratory center. Due to antispasmodic action, it expands the bronchi and prevents the development of their narrowing.
This antitussive cough remedy is prescribed for inflammation.lungs, with exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, with acute inflammation of the bronchi and acute tracheitis.
To neutralize cough often use local anesthetics, which are representative of the drug "Lidocaine". Available in the form of a colorless aerosol, which includes propylene glycol, ethanol, peppermint oil, lidocaine hydrochloride. It has a bitter taste and a pleasant menthol aroma. The cough reflex is inhibited when the drug reaches the trachea and larynx, on the mucous membranes is absorbed in different ways. It is safe this antitussive for children and pregnant women.
The range of local anesthetic is quite wide. So, it is prescribed for dental and otolaryngic diseases, for extraction of teeth, anesthesia of the gums when installing a bridge or crowns, for respiratory infections, for washing the sinuses.
Cough drops during pregnancy
During pregnancy, when the immune system is weakened, and the body spends most of its strength on the development of the fetus, a woman can be affected by an acute respiratory infection, which is accompanied by a cough. Such diseases in this position are dangerous, because they can result in miscarriage or complications for the mother or unborn child.In any case, the symptoms must be eliminated with minimal risk to the fetus and maximum effectiveness for the pregnant woman.
It is very important to choose the right drugs. It is not recommended to use antitussive drugs of peripheral or central action. Here the best way is inhalation. They can be made with pairs of coltsfoot, chamomile, sage, boiled potatoes. During pregnancy, coughing can be controlled with the help of tea with licorice, plantain, linden. Also allowed are the drugs "Doctor IOM", "Doctor Theiss", "Mukaltin", "Herbion", "Gedelix", "Bronchipret".
Cough drops for children
Antitussive for children should be selected based on the nature and nature of cough. You should not buy the drug yourself, because it can have a number of side effects for the child's body. It is better to have him appointed by the doctor.
You can use traditional medicine if your child does not have allergies to them. From the age of one year, children can be given drugs such as Gidelix, Doctor IOM. With three years, you can take "Libexin", "Bronholitin." As phlegal diluents and expectorant drugs, it is possible to use such means as: “Codelac Fito”, “Pertussin”, “Solutan”, “Mukaltin”, “Ambroxol”
Folk remedies for cough
Traditional medicine is rich in recipes that perfectly help to cope with the described ailment. Antitussives with anesthetic properties, with antiseptic, anti-inflammatory effects can be found among the huge number of medicinal plants. Relieve cough and help certain diets. The removal of bronchospasm is perfectly conducive to milk, so it is recommended to include drinks with it or milk cereals in your diet. Against cough grated radish and vegetable oil will help. When coughing, grape juice can be a useful remedy, since grapes have expectorant and healing properties. It is also recommended to take teas with melissa, chamomile, mint, plantain, lemon, honey. Dry cough antitussives are fresh milk with butter and honey or hot milk with spices.
Recipes of traditional medicine and the healing properties of medicinal plants formed the basis for the manufacture of herbal preparations, which are almost devoid of side effects (with the exception of individual intolerance to components or allergies), have a light but effective effect, and do not harm other body systems.Another advantage is that such medicines are safe for pregnant women and children.
The drug "Gidelix" - based on an extract of ivy leaves, means "Bronkhin" - plantain, "Chest collection number 1" - Althea. Thyme is the basis for medicines Pertussin, Stoptussin-Phyto. The combined herbal preparations include “Suprima-Broncho”, “Kofrem”, “Doctor IOM”, “Kofol”.