Anti-decubitus cushion: features, types and reviews
Modern medicine does not stand still. She is constantly developing and offering more and more new and improved drugs and tools that can help a person.
Often there are situations where there is a need for these or other preventive measures. As a result, the development of the disease stops, which is not easy to cure. One of these preventive measures include the use of anti-decubitus pillows. These medical devices are capable of preventing the appearance on the body of an immobilized patient of dead skin zones on skin areas.
The anti-decubitus cushion is especially necessary for those people who, due to severe ailments or during the postoperative period, are forced to have a recumbent lifestyle. Due to the prolonged immobility of the skin ulcers of the epidermis occur.They are the result of circulatory disorders in problem areas. The reason for this pathology lies in the continuous pressure of body weight on the skin. The main places of localization of bedsores are in the area of the buttocks, as well as the cervical and sacral spine. Anti-decubitus cushion prevents the development of this process. In addition, at present, these products are recommended as one of the elements of a comprehensive elimination of ulcers of the epidermis. In this case, the anti-decubitus cushion in each case shows its high efficiency. In addition, according to consumers, she has the ability to help in getting rid of this painful disease.
The anti-decubitus cushion is often used to alleviate the suffering of sedentary patients. It is necessary for those who are not able to move independently due to a disease or injury. Such a person is almost always in a wheelchair, and the cause of ulcers of the epidermis in this case are:
- continuous pressure in the places of constant clamping of the subcutaneous tissues, which takes place between the surface of the seat and the bone protrusion;
- displacement of skin and tissues due to improper placement of the patient’s body in a chair (for example, when it falls on its side or slides down);
- the friction that occurs when the skin is in contact with the surface of a wheelchair.
All of the above factors are successfully countered by an anti-decubitus cushion. It removes excessive pressure from high-risk areas and normalizes blood circulation due to micro-massage, and also prevents friction and displacement of the skin.
In addition to sessile and bed patients, anti-decubital pillows are successfully used by people suffering from severe forms of arthritis and those who have dysfunction of the motor apparatus. These medical devices are recommended for paralysis, ischemic ulcer, and after received burns. As prophylactic anti-decubitus pillows are used to relieve fatigue, as well as reduce the load on the spine and eliminate pain in it. And, judging by consumer reviews, they are quite effectively coping with their function. These products will provide invaluable assistance to those who suffer from radiculitis or osteochondrosis.
Thus, the use of anti-decubitus pillows is possible in beds and wheelchairs. They are used in the work chair and car seat.
Types of Anti-decubitus Pillows
Medical products designed to get rid of the ulcer of the epidermis, can be classified depending on the filler. Repeating the contours of the patient's body allows such pillows to gel or air. Produce products that are completely made of foam material, as well as the combined type.
Each type of filler has its own characteristics. The anti-decubitus gel pad is considered the most effective. Its use contributes to the normalization of blood circulation exactly where it is necessary for the patient. The use of such a pillow, according to experts, is a very convenient option when transporting a patient.
There is another classification of anti-decubitus pillows. They are issued:
- For bed patients. Such patients, of course, need the right mattress. However, its characteristics should be improved with a special pillow, which will take into account the anatomical features of a person.As a rule, these models are of the combined type and are intended for the hips, back, elbows and feet.
- On a wheelchair. Manufacturers of medical products produce special pillows to protect against bedsores in the pelvis, lumbar area, toes, heels and shoulder blades. Such products are designed to reduce the load acting on the protruding parts of the body of the person chained to the chair.
Anti-decubitus pillow for bed patients and for those who are in a wheelchair can be both smooth and relief. The second of these options is comfortable for the chair. According to user feedback, when a person sits on a relief cushion, he does not move out. In addition, the pillow acts on the area of its buttocks with a light massage that improves blood circulation.
Universal anti-decubitus pillows are a square product. They are desirable to use in cases where the patient does not need additional support for posture. This happens, for example, when it is located on a comfortable orthopedic mattress.
Anti-decubitus cushions for seats are mainly contoured.They mimic the anatomical features of the human body. For example, when repeating the contour of the buttocks such pillows are used to ensure comfort in the area of adhesion of the skin. They are also needed to support the spine.
Manufacturers offer antidecubital under the coccyx. It has a conical shape and is used after surgery on the pelvic organs, as well as in cases of gynecological complications. A special recess for the coccyx in such a cushion helps prevent the occurrence of pressure sores.
This is one of the most basic parameters of the anti-decubitus cushion. If the product is too small for the patient, it will constantly stray, causing discomfort. Indeed, in most cases, the patient is deprived of the opportunity to fix the pillow on their own.
An overly high base will also be inconvenient. This option is especially bad when using a pillow in a chair. Due to the high altitude, transferring from a wheelchair to a bed will become much more difficult.
Let us consider in more detail the advantages of fillers used in anti-decubitus pillows.
Antidecubital pillows are relatively inexpensive and lightweight; they are filled with foam rubber, foam, having a "memory effect", as well as latex. These products are well adapted to the parameters of the patient's body shape. Such an anti-decubitus cushion for lying down evenly distributes the pressure created by the mass of a person. With such a product, it becomes more comfortable for the patient to be not only in the bed, but also in a wheelchair.
More often on sale can be found anti-decubitus pillows, the material for the manufacture of which foam is selected. However, this is not the foam rubber, which is familiar to us from the old Soviet sofas. This material is nothing more than a modern artificial latex. Of course, its service life is somewhat shorter than that of natural. However, latex, even artificial, perfectly copes with the elimination of excessive pressure in problem areas.
There are more expensive analogues of similar products. They are anti-decubitus natural latex pillows. This is a natural material with good elasticity and elasticity.It is able to reliably relieve pressure in the area of the bony protrusions and passes air remarkably well.
There is also a polyurethane anti-decubitus cushion. Her material is a foam with a “memory effect”. Polyurethane foam is a fairly widespread filler for anti-decubital products. It is a highly elastic material that softens under the influence of heat emitted by the human body, and repeats its shape, “remembering” them.
The effect created at the same time allows the pillow to evenly distribute the patient's mass, reducing the pressure in the problem areas to almost zero.
Anti-decubitus cushion, having such a filler, is able to perfectly support the patient in a sitting position. It does not slip and significantly reduces pressure in problem areas. The positive properties of the gel are enclosed in its cooling effect. This allows you to reduce sweating in the area of risk. However, gel anti-decubitus cushions cause a lot of trouble when they are accidentally damaged.Due to the large weight, they will not be suitable for those patients who have poorly developed arm muscles.
Often used anti-decubital inflatable pillow. It is pumped with air for which special cells are provided for in the design of the product. The anti-decubitus airbag will effectively cope with the functions assigned to it in the case of proper selection of the degree of filling. In this case, the product will provide the necessary support to the patient and reduce the risk of an ulcer of the epidermis.
Air cushion does not apply to wheelchairs. After all, its surface is unstable due to the movement of air. In this case, sitting in a wheelchair will be extremely difficult to maintain balance. Does not attract buyers and the cost of such products. It is quite high.
How to ensure maximum comfort for a person bedridden or in a wheelchair? Solving such a problem, manufacturers go along the path of combining the most diverse components, trying to make the most efficient use of their best characteristics. An example of this is an anti-decubitus polyurethane pad with gel liners in the areas of maximum pressure.The foam, which has a dense texture, well maintains the spine of the patient in the correct state. Gel inserts also remove excessive body pressure, and also reduce vibration when the stroller moves. Because of the small amount of gel, such pillows retain their light weight.
Another common combination is polyurethane in combination with inflatable cells that have the effect of flowing air. “Memory”, which has foam, gives the owner of such a pillow the stability of the situation and the desired comfort. Air cells, which are located in the area of the highest pressure, are needed to enhance the anti-decubitus protection.
Most popular today won anti-decubitus cushion Roho. This is a product of the American manufacturer, the design of which provides a large number of cameras. On them there is a smooth movement of air. This allows you to more evenly distribute the pressure of the patient's body, reduce puffiness and increase blood flow.
Each cell of such a pillow has its own cover. The size of these air chambers vary by manufacturer depending on the desired effect - prophylactic or therapeutic.
Quadtro Select Low
This model cushion company "Rojo" is designed for a wheelchair. She can be given a different shape with just a touch of a button. Thanks to this, a person sitting in a wheelchair can independently change the position of the body. This pillow provides good spinal support and comfort.
This pillow is recommended for preventive measures. According to consumer reviews, it is also effective in the initial stages of pressure sores. The product contributes to the uniform distribution of the load on problem areas. The use of pillows prevents the appearance of bedsores or reduces their size.