Amnesty is an act of goodwill on the part of the state
For the commission of a crime it is inevitable thatto punish, as provided for by the Criminal Code. Amnesty is a form in which a state can forgive a person who has committed a certainth act. After all, not all people commit crimes of willful and violent nature. It is logical that leniency can rarely be applied to them. But there are trains for which you can apply such an act as an amnesty. This allows to save some of the convicts from those deprivations that they are undergoing.
It is important not to confuse several concepts that are worthin one row, because they assume similar consequences, but are completely different in content. This is an amnesty, pardon and rehabilitation. If we explain briefly and in a simple accessible language, then the pardon can be carried out by the president of the country. Amnesty is the prerogative of the State Duma. In addition, the "forgiveness" on the part of the head of state is an isolated one. There is also such a thing as rehabilitation. In this case, it is recognized that a person did not commit a crime at all (a miscarriage of justice), accordingly, he has the right to be released. With amnesty and pardon, there is no such thing, a person is guilty and has already served some part of the punishment, buthis state lets go.
Amnesty for economic crimes
To better understand the essence of this phenomenon, it is importantgive an example. It should be noted that in our country quite often various amnesties were held, which extended to certain categories of prisoners. The last decree, which resulted in the release of several thousand prisoners, was signed not so long ago in the State Duma. Amnesty 2013 in Russia will affect prisoners who are serving sentences for such unlawful acts, which can be called economic in their entirety. This is connected with illegal business, and with tax evasion, as well as with some other compounds, to list completely which does not make sense. It is important that the state wants thereby to raise the economy in the country, because behind the bars were people who did business and did it quite successfully. They are betting on them.
Amnesty is an act that has a legal form. Accordingly, it is mandatory for execution by the bodies of the penal-executive system, which means, it gives rise to certain consequences. First of all, a person can be absolved from punishment altogether. If this does not happen, then there may be a reduction or substitution of the type of punishment for a softer one. All this is provided for in the resolution. It can also be about removing a criminal record. If you look at the legal terminology, then the removed or canceled conviction indicates that a person is considered legally unreasonable. This means that no one (employer, interested persons) has the right to demand materials that the person once sat in the correctional camp. True, there are exceptions, which relate to pedagogical activity and the employment of certain government posts.