Allergy to the sun: treatment. Allergy to the sun: what to do
Warm sunny days for many people are always associated with the sea, the beach, nature recreation, summer cottage, etc. But, unfortunately, the sun's rays can sometimes lead to allergic reactions. Like any disease, allergy delivers not only a lot of discomfort to its owner, but also spoils the appearance of the body, and gives painful sensations. When there is an allergy to the sun, treatment should be prompt. The second name of the disease is photodermatitis (photodermatosis).
What is sun allergy? Is the treatment effective?
The peculiarity of the disease is that when sunlight hits the human skin, an inflammatory reaction of allergic origin occurs on the body. The bottom line is that ultraviolet rays can change the chemical structure of substances on the surface of the skin or in its thickness. And such a process takes place regardless of how long a person has been subjected to insolation.If the skin area has been open long enough, there is a chance of sunburn.
Such a problem as an allergy to the sun, occurs in 5% of the adult population living in regions of temperate and hot climates. What is characteristic: only people with white skin are susceptible to this type of allergic reactions, in blacks it is practically absent. Allergy to the sun in a child develops much more often, since in babies the skin is very sensitive to the effects of ultraviolet rays.
There are two types of solar allergies: exogenous and endogenous photodermatitis.
1. Exogenous occurs when the body gets allergens and exposure to sunlight.
It can be:
- perfumes and cosmetics;
- household chemicals;
- pollen of plants and trees.
Also, phototoxic substances that, together with ultraviolet rays, cause allergies, can accumulate inside the skin epidermis.
- antibiotic drugs;
- leguminous plants.
In the above options, when allergy to the sun is manifested, treatment may be limited to flushing photosensitizing compounds from the body with water.
2. Endogenous. Has an innate nature. Causes:
- disruption of the normal functioning of the immune system;
- reducing the amount of brown pigment (melanin);
- increase in skin porphyrin.
If endogenous allergy to the sun has occurred, treatment should be comprehensive, with the adoption of local and oral antihistamines. In case of severe disease or for rapid relief of symptoms, antiallergic injections are indicated.
Signs and symptoms
Every allergic person and his family should know how allergic to the sun is manifested. Symptoms can be both local and general.
Local symptoms include:
- hyperemia of the skin;
- burning and itching of the skin;
- blisters filled with clear fluid;
- swelling of the affected areas.
How does an allergy to the sun, the photo clearly shows.
- lowering blood pressure;
- dizziness and fainting.
Common symptoms often appear only when a person has been exposed to ultraviolet rays for a long time.
Who is allergic to the sun?
- First of all, these are individuals who have a very low melanin index at the genetic level (fair-haired and white-skinned). They have almost no natural barrier to protect against sunlight, so they do not tan well and often get sunburn.
- The second group - women during pregnancy. Due to these circumstances, they increase the level of estrogen, which contributes to itching, peeling of the skin and the appearance of various pigmentation on it.
- The third group consists of people with acute infectious or chronic diseases.
- The fourth category is children. This is the largest group.
Allergy to the sun in a child
Red curls, freckles, white body - an indicator that the baby is prone to allergic reactions and he will first of all appear to be allergic to the sun. In a child after a walk, you may notice a rash, feeling unwell, nervousness and a number of signs indicating photodermatitis. No one is immune from this.
Severely tolerate baby allergies. A rash on the body, by virtue of its lack of information, is confused with diathesis, a reaction to diapers or something else.If your baby is allergic to the sun, what to do in this case?
- It is necessary to take the child to a shaded place or otherwise eliminate contact with sunlight.
- If there is no shade nearby, close the open areas of the skin with a piece of cloth.
Treatment of photodermatitis in children
All therapeutic appointments should be recommended only by a doctor! But first aid to the child can be rendered as follows:
- Wash affected areas with water at room temperature.
- To relieve pain impose a compress with any anesthetic substance (2%).
- Good result gives cream foam "Panthenol." The tool quickly and effectively relieves pain and redness from burns.
- Give a child a drink according to the instructions antihistamine drug: "Claritin", "Diazolin", etc.
- You can use creams and ointments, which include methyluracil or lanolin.
Important to remember! Children are contraindicated hormonal drugs.
Treatment of sun allergies in adults
When an allergy to the sun developed, how to treat and how to behave properly during an illness should be recommended by an allergist. What suits one patient may be contraindicated in another allergy.Treatment must be individual. So far, science has not yet invented universal antiallergic drugs, but there are many effective ways to effectively relieve the symptoms of the disease.
Ointments and creams for allergies
Topical treatment is a sun allergy ointment or anti-inflammatory cream. It is advisable to use:
- Cream "Lokoid".
- Ointment "Sanaflan".
- Cream "Epidel".
- Gel "Fenistil-gel".
- Skin-Kap aerosol.
- Balsam "Psilo-Balsam".
Allergy pills, like other drugs, only stop the symptoms of photodermatitis, but do not eliminate the causes of its occurrence. Without permanent elimination of the allergen, it is almost impossible to achieve a positive effect in the treatment.
Alleviate the suffering of allergies help drugs "Diazolin", "Loratadin", "Claritin", "Suprastin", "Cetirizine" and others.
If allergic reactions are acute and severe, intramuscular or intravenous injections are prescribed.
There are a number of activities that are necessary when there is an allergy to the sun. What to do in this case when a patient faints?
- Minimize access to ultraviolet rays.
- Put the victim on his back.
- To increase blood flow, raise your legs up a little, that is, put a cushion under your feet.
- Unfasten outerwear.
- Under the nose - ammonia.
- Call an ambulance.
Traditional medicine to help
People have long used the time-tested recipes of traditional healers for allergies to the sun. These tools are easy to use and easy to prepare. Among them are:
- Compress from juice of vegetables. Suitable cabbage, potatoes and cucumber. Selected vegetable wash, peel and twist in a meat grinder. Squeeze the juice, wet it with a soft cloth and attach to the affected places. For smaller areas it is better to apply raw vegetables, cut in half.
- Herbal decoction. Use: series, pharmacy chamomile, valerian. Crushed collection pour hot water, boil for 5-10 minutes, allow to cool. After filtering take inside 0.5 st. in a day. The required proportions: 1 tbsp. l collection at 200 gr. water.
- Limit the use of perfumes and cosmetics.
- Wear well-rinsed clothes on the body.
- Avoid contact of exposed skin with potential allergenic plants.
- To eat hypoallergenic foods.
- Do not use photosensitizing preparations or containing allergens.
- Protect your head with a wide-brimmed hat and your face with sunglasses.
- Wear clothing made of cotton fabric of light colors and long sleeves.
Allergies to the sun - this is not a sentence. If certain preventive measures are followed and a healthy lifestyle is maintained, the symptoms may not manifest themselves.