Allergy to cold: causes, symptoms and treatment methods
Cold allergy is a rare but nonetheless dangerous disease that is associated with the development of an immune response when the ambient temperature drops. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to avoid contact with low temperatures, especially in the winter season. That is why people with hypersensitivity to cold simply need qualified medical assistance.
Allergy to cold and its causes
In fact, there are several main reasons for the development of sensitivity to cold. In fact, an allergic reaction is the response of the immune system to the effects of those factors that the body perceives as dangerous. So why is it allergic to cold?
- Great importance is heredity.
- In addition, allergies can be acquired and appear, for example, as a result of mononucleosis.
- Allergic reactions are not uncommon among people suffering from impaired immune systems.
- Statistics show that sensitivity to cold is more common among children and young people under the age of 25 years.
Allergy to cold: symptoms
An allergic reaction is associated with the release of histamine and is manifested by changes in skin and mucous tissues. Its symptoms may be as follows:
- As a rule, an allergic reaction begins if the temperature drops to 4 degrees, although this is a relative indicator. A red rash and spots appear on the body, resembling an ordinary urticaria. Rash may be accompanied by itching.
- Allergies to frost can manifest increased tearing, burning in the eyes and nose.
- Sometimes there is swelling of the skin on the hands, especially if before that the person was holding something cold.
- Symptoms can also include swelling of the lips and larynx, which occurs when drinking cold drinks and food, or when inhaling cold air.
Allergy to cold: what is the danger?
In fact, allergies can occur in different ways. Some people do not even notice a mild body rash, while in others an allergic reaction can lead to a shock and respiratory depression.Anaphylactic shock develops, as a rule, if a large part of the body comes into contact with cold - then a huge amount of histamine is released and, accordingly, a violent reaction of the body is observed. If a person bathes in cold water, then there is a possibility of loss of consciousness and even death.
Allergy to cold and its treatment
To date, there is no medicine that would relieve allergies forever. However, modern medicine can relieve symptoms:
- As a rule, doctors recommend the use of antihistamines, which stop the development of an allergic reaction and neutralize the effect of histamine. If you know for sure that you have to contact with low temperatures, then it is better to take a pill in advance.
- In addition, they prescribe immunomodulating agents and vitamin complexes that normalize the work of the immune system, making it less sensitive.
- And, of course, a person is recommended to avoid contact with low temperatures, to give up cold drinks and dishes, to spend less time in the cold, and while walking down the street to protect the mouth and nose with a warm scarf.