Agave American: home care, growing features and reviews
Each gardener, in an effort to decorate the garden beautifully and in an original way, comes up with various ways to implement his idea.
Agave as a garden decoration
Agave - a guest from Mexico, Central and North America, will be a worthy decoration of the site and will always stand out clearly against the background of other plantations. Under natural conditions found in the desert.In the Crimea, the Caucasus, and the Mediterranean countries, it is grown in open ground, in temperate latitudes, as an indoor and greenhouse plant. The plant harmoniously looks in the light big halls, halls, it is used at registration of winter gardens, interiors.
It is found in several forms. The most popular is American agave (Agave americana). A flower in diameter is more than 3 meters with a height of 1-2 meters. Stem shortened.It is characterized by large, fleshy gray leaves with a green or blue tint, collected in 20-30 pieces in the rosette. Curved arc and tapering to the top, ending with a spike. The upper side is flat, covered with a waxy coating, the lower one is convex. In the natural environment, the leaf length is 2.0-3.0 meters. With artificial cultivation in favorable conditions - 1.0-1.5 meters, width - 25 cm. The edges are framed with prickly teeth.
Flowering agave. How often does it happen?
Inflorescence - apical panicle large; in large specimens in height can reach 10 meters with a plant diameter of 4-5 meters. It has 15-40 brushes with yellowish funnel-shaped flowers (up to several thousand), about 7 cm in diameter. According to beliefs, American agave blooms once every 100 years. In fact, one can witness such a unique spectacle 15 years after planting. When growing in a garden, it will bloom on the 20-30th year of life. After flowering, agave gradually dies, while forming offspring, which are used for reproduction.
Agave American is a long-lived flower. Can grow in one place 50-100 years.In the botanical garden of St. Petersburg, a specimen is grown that survived the blockade of Leningrad.
Description of yellow-capped agave
One of the varieties of American agave is yellow-capped agave. In Mexico, it is grown by whole plantations. The plant has a very short stalk, wide gray-green leaves, passing to the top in a sharp spike. Along the edges, the leaf plates are bordered with a light yellow stripe, giving the flower an attractive decorative look.The plant is popular due to its colorful forms, but for indoor floriculture, some of its representatives are too big. In the care of agave, the American yellow-white is unpretentious and easily adapts to the domestic climate.
How to care for a flower?
Agave is American, the description and care of which arouse the interest of domestic gardeners, during the period of growth likes the abundance of sun, heat and dry soil. During the rest period it needs a cool temperature. Therefore, if you want to get such a unique instance of the house, he needs to create conditions close to natural ones.
The plant is very decorative and is a worthy decoration of flower beds and plantings.Agave is an American, home care for which does not present much difficulty, is thermophilic and adapted to grow in ordinary city apartments, and even the absence of cool air in the winter period will not be disastrous for it. It is important to wipe the leaves from dust, so as not to disrupt the process of photosynthesis. In summer, an optimum temperature for agave is 20-25.aboutC, in the winter - 10-12aboutC. When indoor growing a flower is recommended on the sunny side of the room. Even in the hottest noon does not need shading.
Watering and feeding
Despite the fact that in nature the flower loves dry soil, it is recommended to provide abundant watering with warm water during the summer when it is home grown. With the onset of cold weather, reduce to two times a week or stop altogether. Experienced gardeners recommend to make sure that the water does not get into the outlet of the flower, otherwise it may begin to rot. On summer days, when watering, water should not be allowed to fall on the leaves: burns can occur. Also in the summer it is recommended to take the plant to fresh air.
Agave is an American, the cultivation and care of which does not take a long time from a grower, has a positive attitude to fertilizing.It is recommended to use special fertilizers for succulents or a full mineral complex. The optimal period is spring. Two feedings per month will be enough.
Transplantation should be carried out as it grows: young plants - annually, adults - once every 2-4 years or even less. The soil can be prepared independently: from sand, turf and leafy ground, taken in equal proportions. According to flower grower reviews, this is the most optimal composition for agave. Or stop the choice on the store product: this is the land for succulents, dracaena, yucca. Capacity for planting should be small, drainage is required. When planting, do not bury the neck of the plant, it should slightly rise above the level of the soil. When grown in open ground to avoid rotting in the cold season, sand can be poured around the root collar.
There are several ways to reproduce American agave:
- root the leaf (cutting);
- sow by seed.
The most popular among gardeners - the first two. The stalk is obtained by cutting the leaf; the cuttings are obtained by separation from the mother plant.Prepared planting material is required to dry within 1-2 hours. After that, land in sand or prepared soil. Watering to produce infrequently, moderately. As a rule, young plants take root rather quickly.
According to flower grower reviews, the seed propagation method is more laborious and time consuming. Planting material can be purchased at a specialty store. Seeds are required to be buried in the ground by 0.5-1.0 cm or left on the surface and slightly press down. Then the ground should be moistened with an atomizer. Cover the tank with glass or polyethylene. In a week, the first shoots will appear. Stronged young plants can be seated in separate containers. Water and fertilize regularly. The most suitable month for landing is February.
Areas of application of agave american
The decorative appearance of an agave is valued by many growers. But such a plant is of great economic importance. It is the source of the fibers from which the ropes are made, the coarse fabric, the fishing nets, and also the thin paper resembling papyrus.
From the juice by the method of evaporation is obtained molasses, by fermentation - pulque (alcoholic beverage).In folk medicine, it is used as a medicine against insect bites and snakes.
Agave juice is considered to be a laxative and diuretic, good for bruises and bruises. The root is used against sexually transmitted diseases. Plant-based preparations are characterized by analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic properties. The leaves are used for the preparation of medicinal decoctions that help with jaundice, neuralgic manifestations, radiculitis, cervical osteochondrosis. Applied both internally and externally.
Against lumbago helps juice plants. The sheet is divided into 2 parts, cut off the spines. The erupted juice rub the lower back. This should be done carefully to avoid irritation. The procedure should be carried out 2 times a day.
In the issue of the use of agave for better health should always consult with your doctor. Self-medication is life threatening.
Agave can be affected by root and stem rot, which are formed at high soil moisture and low temperatures. Excess irrigation negatively affects the root system; roots become pale, soft, drooping.Agave, as a succulent plant, is easier to tolerate a lack of moisture than its excess.
Of the pests of agave periodically overpowered scythe, aphid, thrips, spider mite. To determine the presence of scythos - small insects about 2 mm in size, can be by sticky secretions on young shoots and leaves. The parasites suck the juice from the plant, look like small brown plaques and attach to the underside of the leaf along the veins. Agave can be healed by wiping the leaves with a soap solution. If this does not help, remove the affected parts of the plant.
The soap solution also helps in the fight against aphids - small, inactive insects that feed on agave juice. Determine that the flower is affected by this pest, can be on shriveled leaves, fallen buds and flowers.
Against thrips - tiny black insects, you can fight with warm water, you need to wipe the leaves of the plant daily. Also, according to experienced flower growers, Karbofos is effective. Spraying should begin at the first sign of infection.
According to flower growers, the spider mite is the most dangerous pest.The diseased plant is covered with a thin cobweb, the leaves become marble in color, turn yellow and fall off. In this case, the agave should be treated with an insecticidal agent. In order to prevent it is recommended to regularly air the room and periodically inspect the plant for the presence of pests.