Acute Vascular Insufficiency: Causes, Symptoms and First Aid Rules
Acute vascular insufficiency - quitea serious and life-threatening condition that is caused by a violation of the general or local circulation. As a result of this pathology, the circulatory system can not provide tissue with the necessary amount of oxygen, which is accompanied by damage, and sometimes, death of cells.
Acute vascular insufficiency and its causes
In fact, the reasons for the development of such astates can be different. In particular, vascular insufficiency can be caused by a violation of their patency, a decrease in the amount of blood, or a decrease in the tone of the vessel walls. For example, acute vascular insufficiency often develops against a background of massive blood loss, severe craniocerebral or general trauma to the body. To the same result can result some heart diseases. To the causes can also be attributed poisoning with dangerous toxins, severe infectious diseases, extensive burns accompanied by shock, as well as adrenal insufficiency. Closure of the thrombus can also provoke insufficiency if the clot completely blocks the blood flow.
Symptoms of acute vascular insufficiency
In modern medicine, it is customary to allocate threethe main symptom. Acute vascular insufficiency, depending on the severity of the patient's condition and the causes of its development, can be accompanied by fainting, collapse and shock:
- Fainting is a short-term loss of consciousness,developing against the background of a temporary lack of blood (and oxygen) in the brain. In fact, this is the easiest manifestation of vascular insufficiency. For example, syncope may be the result of a sharp change in position, severe pain, or emotional stress. In this case, the symptoms can also include dizziness, general weakness and pallor of the skin.
- Collapse is a sharp declineindicators of blood pressure, which can be caused by loss of normal vascular tone. To the reasons in this case it is possible to attribute strong sharp pain, reception of some medicines and narcotics.
- Shock is a rather serious condition that canbe caused by severe trauma, loss of large amounts of blood, penetration into the body of poisons, allergens (anaphylactic shock). To the reasons also it is possible to carry burns.
In any case, dizziness, weakness, temporary loss of consciousness is an occasion to call a doctor.
Acute vascular insufficiency: first aid
If there are suspicions of vascularityInsufficiency is urgently needed to call an ambulance team, since there is always the possibility of severe, irreversible brain damage. The patient needs to be laid, lifting his legs - this will improve blood circulation in the upper body. The limbs must be warmed and rubbed with vodka. With fainting, you can give the patient a sniff of ammonia, which will bring him back to consciousness. It is also recommended to ventilate the room (this will give additional oxygen) and to free the person from tight clothing that prevents him from breathing.
Remember that only a doctor can put the right onediagnosis and determine the severity of the patient's condition. Treatment of vascular insufficiency depends on the causes of its occurrence and is aimed at both relief of the main symptoms and normalization of the blood circulation, as well as elimination of the primary cause.