Achilles tendon: causes of damage, treatment and prevention
The Achilles tendon connecting the heel bone with the calf muscles is the strongest in the human body. It is not torn, withstands a load of 400 kg or more. And at the same time, it is injured much more often than other tendons. Its rupture can be either incomplete, not causing particular inconvenience, and complete, accompanied by severe pain at the slightest movement.
Achilles tendon: causes of problems
Inflammation, sprain and other injuries can provoke repetitive movements performed with excessive force (for example, during hard physical labor). Also, the gap can occur if you start a sports activity without "warming up". To the injury of the tendon can lead and sudden movements (jumping for example), in which the calf is transferred to the main pressure, and the constant wearing close, uncomfortable shoes.Often stretching occurs when tucking the foot in an uneven area. Middle-aged people are mostly susceptible to such damage.
Achilles tendon: symptoms of damage
Its damage is accompanied by a sharp pain in the lower leg (in its lower part), which occurs at the slightest movement and stops at rest. The area around the tendon becomes inflamed and swollen, and a bruise appears. But directly in the place of the gap, on the contrary, there is a decline. If the Achilles tendon hurts so much that the patient is not able to step on even socks, he should be urgently hospitalized. After examining and interviewing about the nature and frequency of discomfort, the doctor will be able to say whether there is an injury or not.
First aid for tendon damage
With tolerable pain, it lies in the tight bandaging of the affected joint. If the pain cannot be sustained, then before the arrival of the ambulance it is necessary to immobilize the joint with improvised means. With such a serious symptom, when the achilles tendon hurts without stopping, the doctor should immediately send the incoming patient for an x-ray, MRI or other examination, which will allow to clarify the diagnosis.After all, even a slight stretching in the absence of first aid and proper treatment can in the future cause weakness of the ligaments. And this, in turn, will lead to re-stretching due to the tendency of the foot to be subject to frequent exposure.
Achilles tendon: treatment
It must be complex and include both drugs and the implementation of special exercises aimed at stretching. In some cases it will be necessary to wear special shoes, which weaken the pressure force on the tendon. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the chance of avoiding complications after an injury. Even slight damage to the tendon is restored for quite some time.And at its rupture, surgical intervention is carried out at all, tires and plaster are applied. In this case, the leg is immobilized for a very long time, and recovery from injury lasts at least one and a half months. With proper treatment, the damage passes without a trace.
Achilles tendon: injury prevention
It is especially important for athletes.