A. Ostrovsky's play "Groza": Why did Ostrovsky call the "Storm" a thunder-storm?
A. Ostrovsky is a great Russian playwright. His immortal works are still being staged on the stage of theaters, and quotations from comedies have become winged expressions. "His people - we'll count," "Forest," "Not all the Cats of Pancake Day," "Dowry" - the works of A. Ostrovsky will make a very large list.
The most famous drama Ostrovsky - "Thunderstorm". It narrates about the events in a small town. The playwright resorted to an amazing reception, where participation in human lives takes a natural phenomenon, which embodies the basic idea of the work. That's why Ostrovsky called the "Storm" a thunderstorm, and this fact needs to be given special attention.
The summary of the drama "Thunderstorm"
"Thunderstorm" was written in 1859, inpre-reform period of creativity Ostrovsky. The action takes place in a small provincial town Kalinove. The story tells of a family that lives under the leadership of an authoritarian Kabanikha. Her son Tikhon married Katerina, who does not like him. Her heart belongs to Boris, the nephew of the Wild. Boris Dikoy must give the inheritance, but the Wild one is characterized by such qualities as aggressiveness, cruelty and greed. Varvara, the daughter of Kabanikhi, arranges a meeting with Katerina Boris. She is afraid at first, but a woman can not resist love. She betrayed her husband Tikhon, who was away.
Tikhon returns. Katerina can not keep everything in herself, she confesses treason. Wild exiles Boris in Siberia. Katerina realizes that she will have to stay and continue to live in the humiliation of Kabaniha. As a result, she does not stand, jumps from shore into the water and dies.
Such a tragic love story! So why did Ostrovsky call the "Storm" a thunderstorm? Because all actions are accompanied by a thunderstorm. At first it gathers, the sky is clouded up by clouds, and at the climax the thunderstorm hits Kalinov. If you think about why Ostrovsky called the drama "Thunderstorm", and nothing else, it becomes clear that the storm in the work is not just a natural phenomenon. It has a deep symbolism and a hidden meaning.
Thunderstorm in the soul of Catherine
If you analyze the composition of the drama (string,the development of events, the culmination), it becomes clear why Ostrovsky called the "Thunderstorm" a thunderstorm. In the beginning, when Katerina shares her feelings with Boris Varvara with Boris, in the sky "there is no thunder in any way ..." However, there is still no thunderstorm. When Katerina goes on a date with Boris, the text again mentions a thunderstorm. But there is no thunderstorm again.
Thunderstorm comes into full force only whenKaterina can not stand the torture of conscience and shame. Catherine's husband came back and still loves her, Kabaniha still gloats. No one noticed the betrayal of Katerina, she could get away with everything. But suddenly a severe thunderstorm broke out, and Katerina is frightened of her as God's punishment. Katerina was properly educated, and treason for her was a serious sin. So why did Ostrovsky call the "Storm" a thunderstorm? Because the thunderstorm that broke out in the soul of Catherine, and the thunder in heaven in the culmination of the drama merge, and at that moment the mystery of the girl is revealed. Katerynin's sin becomes known throughout Kalinov.
Thunderstorm for Kuligin
Against the background of other characters, the imageKuligina. A self-taught mechanic, a kind of dreamer, he becomes a witness of all events. Kuligin lives in Kalinov and sees his darkness and vices. The patriarchal way of the family is destroyed, it's time to move on to a new one, but Kabaniha and Dikaya continue to live according to the old rules.
Kuligin is trusted by most of the characters. He is not afraid of the power of Kabanikha and Wild and is able to express his opinion boldly. "Here is your Katerina, do with her what you want!" - he throws Kabanich after the death of a woman. He is a positive hero, and we understand why. Ostrovsky called the work "Thunderstorm", and the storm became a life-giving, new force that gave Kalinov a ray of light. Kuligin is not afraid of her, but, on the contrary, rejoices: "Every now a blade of grass, every flower is happy, but we hide, we are afraid, as if attacking what." Kuligin suggested that Dikom put lightning rods in the city, and this is a kind of allegory: how easily lightning rod removes thunderstorms from the city, so Kuligin gently opposes human vices.
Thunderstorm for the tyrants
When answering the question why Ostrovsky calledthe play "Thunderstorm", it is worth paying attention to how it treats the Wild. Wild - a man who dominates others through fear. He perceives the storm as punishment, it must be feared. Although Dikoi himself is also a thunderstorm for household members and servants.
The second "thunderstorm" of the city of Kalinov - Kabanikha. Tikhon calls her power a thunder-storm, swearing and constant control.
Thus, it becomes clear whyOstrovsky called the play "Storm" and nothing else. The storm in the work is a creative destructive force. If Ostrovsky gave the drama a different name, then most likely, readers would not have grasped the main meaning of the work.